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  • abásho (OSp. abaxo from Lat. ad+bassus) prep below.
abashár, (de abásho) to go down .
los de abásho the departed, the dead.
tódo sta de arríva abásho everything is upside down.
  • abastádo (Port. from Lat.) adj almighty, omnipotent (referring to God).
  • aharvar (hebr.) bater, to hit
  • aínda (Port. ainda) conj. yet (=Sp. todavía).
  • alefbet (from the Heb. names of the first two letters of the alphabet) m alphabet.
  • alforría (Ar.) f liberty, freedom.
  • Alhát (Ar. The First Day, related to Heb. ehad one) Sunday; thus it is distinguished from the Christian Sunday (in Sp. Domingo, from Lat. Domini dies).
  • Amidrash - Ha-Midrash
  • amares m ignoramus (lit., peasant).
  • anav (Heb.) adj. humble, obedient.
  • arrivar vi (=Sp. arribar) to arrive.
  • arón (Heb.) m grave (= ataúd).
  • asetuna f (= Sp. aceituna) olive fruit.
  • asetunal m olive tree.
  • asur adj. prohibited (by religious law).
  • atakanear (Heb.) vt to arrange.
  • azno m (=Sp. asno) ass, donkey.
  • aznedad f foolish thing, foolish act.
  • atabafar v suffocate.
  • atemar (Ar.) vt to terminate.
  • axarvar vt to beat.
  • badkar (Heb.) vt to reconsider.
  • balta (Turk.) m ax.
  • baul m trunk.
  • bel m waist.
  • beraxa (Heb.) f blessing.
  • biterear (Turk.) vt to terminate.
  • boyadear (Turk.) vt to paint, color.
  • chapeo (Port. chapéu) m hat (=Sp. sombrero).
  • chapines (Cat. chapins) mpl shoes (=Sp. zapatos).
  • chay (Pers.) m tea.
  • chini (Pers.) m plate.
  • chikés f youth.
  • defender vt to prohibit (in Sp. to defend).
  • din (Heb.) m religious law.
  • Dio (modification of Sp. dios from Lat. deus god) m God; the Spanish word was modified, because the final -s appeared to the Jews a plural suffix; moreover Dio was used always with definite article (El Dio) to underline the monotheistic principle of Judaism.
  • donde pron. adv. of whom, of which, whose (=Fr. dont).
  • guay, ay interj woe.
  • haver (heb.) - amigo, companyero
  • innat (Turk.) m whim, caprice.
  • kal (Heb.) community, synagogue; esnoga. del hebr. qahal audiencia
  • kamma (Heb.) adv how much? how many? (= kuanto?).
  • karpus m watermelon.
  • kavo(d) m honor. (Hebr. koved)
  • kavzar vt to cause.
  • kazal m village.
  • kolay (Turk.) adj easy.
  • korex m bookbinder.
  • kushak (Turk.) m belt, girdle.
  • kyerrar ; querer, amar, voler
  • lamber vt to lick.
  • libero (It.) adj free (=Sp. libre).
  • ma (It. mai from Lat. magis; Sp. mas) conj but, why.
  • maalé (Turk.) m street, Turkish quarters, neighborhood. Tk. mahale, prob. del arabe mahal, lugar
  • maalé yahudí ; Jewish quarters , bairro djudio
  • maaráv (Heb.) m west. cf. ar. Maghreb
  • maasé (Heb.) m story, event. (Heb. 'event')
kontar un maasè tell a story. maabe (Heb.) m deluge, downpour, torrent.
No kyerro tanto, me dátes mabul. I don't want so much, you gave me plenty.
  • machará (LT) f spool of thread.
  • mazal (Heb.) m star, destiny. (Mazal tov: buena fortuna)
  • mazalozo adj happy.
  • meara f cave.
  • meatad f half.
  • merkar vt to buy.
  • meshared m servant.
  • met (Heb.) adj dead (= muerto).
  • na interj here! behold.
  • niftar (Heb.) adj dead (= muerto).
  • orozo (F. heureux) adj heappy.
  • paja (L. palia straw) f hay (in Sp. straw).
  • paras (Pers.) fpl money.
  • portokal (It.) m orange (fruit) (=Sp. naranja).
  • preto (Port.) adj black.
  • purimlik (Heb. Purim + Turkic -lik) f Purim present.
  • raki (Balkan Slavic, of Hebraic origin) m arak.
  • rio (Sp. rio: river) m lake.
  • saraf (Ar.) m money changer.
  • sedaka (Heb.) m charity. ( cf. Neil Sedaka)
  • shara (Ar.) f wood.
  • shasheo (Pers.) m dizziness.
  • shavon (ML sapo, -onis from Gmc; cf. Sp. jabón) m soap.
  • shemin-de-fer (F. chemin de fer) m railroad.
  • sutlach m rice pudding.
  • tefilá (Heb.) f prayer.
  • trocar (Port. trocar) vti to change (=Sp. cambiar).
  • xaber m news.
  • xaftona f beating.
  • xamam m bath-house. Tur. hammam.
  • zahut (Heb.) m blessing.
  • ziara (Ar.) f cemetery visit. (Ar. una visita (en general))

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